This is where you will append your contributions regarding the best practices for creating, contributing to, and maintaining and educational wiki.
Patience is a very important practice with using wikis specifically in an education setting. "Remember, not all students are technologically savvy and may need some initial help with the wiki" (
"Plant the seeds"
Encourage the community you invite to participate in the wiki to help build it so that it can benefit all those involved. Start with a loose idea and structure that can be built and molded over time.

Create a culture of trust
Without trust wikis won't be efficient. Activity should be closely monitored in the beginning to help encourage and aide in the structure of the growth of a wiki.
Provide students with reasons and benefits in using a wiki.
Often when we understand the "big picture" we are more willing to try new things or to jump wholeheartedly into a project. If it is seen as just more busy work, with no educational value, it loses its importance.

Give students time to practice with it. Help the students understand that practice is not because it is difficult, but because it will make them more comfortable with the tool. Start with a simple assignment.

Be patient with students as they are learning. Often we assume that anyone under the age of 30 is technically saavy. This is not always so. Understand that some students may need more help than others. Once students get going on it, they will see how easy it is to use, and should start feeling more comfortable with it.

Assign meaningful, authentic activities. Life is too full to fill it with "busy work". Make the wiki problem centered and the activity will be more real to the students.

Model examples of collaborative work. Show students what it means to collaborate and make sure they know what is expected of each one of them. Some students may have had unfavorable experiences with collaboration, where they felt they did more work than someone else. (we've all probably had that experience before). Make it a positive experience to work with others. This will likely be what they need to be able to do when they get into the workforce of today.

Set rules and make sure others abide by them. In other words, make sure students understand the expectations that have been set for the. individuals need to know what is expected of them in order for them to learn. Students must also know that if expectations aren't met then consequences will follow. (
Keep it uniform. Have a consistent template as well as headings so that visitors to the site will have an easier time browsing through it.
Part of that is not having too many editors because then all of the pages can get out of hand. This will not only help those who are creating wiki pages but also visitors when trying to navigate, so neither becomes disoriented.

Safety first. Help keep personal information personal. Pages can be made private, restricted by password to students, faculty, and families. Even still, names, places, addresses, ages, and pictures should not be posted in such public places (Wiki Etiquette for Students). It is far too easy for students to treat these teaching resources as they would their facebook and twitter accounts. This is not something to use for personal information it is strictly for educational purposes and your wiki should be monitored carefully.

Create a sense of security among those who contribute to the Wiki. Individuals should know that their posts will most likely be revised and edited. lists several other guidelines that may be followed by educators.

Establish trust within the wiki. Classmates who are required to use a wiki should feel good about posting on the wiki. Students should feel comfortable and there should be a culture of trust within the wiki page via classmates.

Especially for wiki's it is public editing of others' work, therefore we must do so in a respectable fashion. How to disagree, publicly? When you are confident that your wording will better the article, go ahead and make the change; when you are less confident, discuss it with the others and express your concerns. (

You need to set up and continue to maintain a culture of trust so students will be able to feel safe in this environment, while also encouraging them to experiment and take risks.(__http://wikipatterns.com__)

Proofread before posting. Always read through the information you have created to make sure that spelling and grammar are correct. Yes, wikis can be edited after posting, but mistakes stick out. They distract readers and force them to question your credibility. Besides, it's always easier to do something right the first time. (

Give credit where credit is due. Before posting anything online, you should always have permission from the individual who created the information. Once the person gives you permission to share their work, make sure that you give them proper credit. Cite their name. It's not hard to do. Citing your sources properly establishes a certain amount of respect between you and the original source; you acknowledge them, they acknowledge you. Citations are particularly useful when a reader questions the integrity of Wiki content or wishes to learn more. (

Review information regularly. Make sure that content is accurate and up-to-date. Most of the time this is accomplished by all of the users of the wiki but someone or a small group needs to be put in charge of this task. Review also makes sure that copyright is not being infringed upon and that respect is being shown at all times. (

Have a purpose. Make sure the wiki is about something. It doesn't necessarily matter what the wiki focuses on, but make it organized and give it a purpose. Have the information be direct and to the point. Always make sure that the information you post is accurate and on topic. (

Be brief. Unnecessarily long entries/additions will hinder the learning experience. Keep it short and sweet (PBworks).

Be truthful. Use things that you know are correct by using facts from reliable and credible sources. Information is only useful when it is accurate. (

Define and identify student roles, activities, and assessments. This is important for any collaborative activity. Defining roles and clearly defining the activity, along with assessments are crucial to the success of collaborative learning.

Decide upon who should be able to see/edit the wiki. You want to specify who is allowed to see and make changes to you wiki. If it is a classroom wiki limit it to only the students in your class. Especially if their is personal information shared at any time you do not want the whole world to be able to access it. (

Be respectful. It is important to be respectful in anything and everything you post on your wiki. You want to maintain a good reputation and have it be something everyone feels comfortable being a part of. (

Do not delete the work of others deliberately. Only unless it is part of the editing process in a nice and respectful way. (

Provide instructions - give some practice time. Most students have never used a wiki before and will need instructions and practice on how to actually use the software. By providing time and instructions for how to use the wiki, students will feel more comfortable in this environment and be more willing to contribute. ( (Aaron Griffiths)

Define and identify student roles, activities, and assessments - This is important for any collaborative activity. Defining roles and clearly defining the activity, along with assessments are crucial to the success of collaborative learning. ( (Aaron Griffiths)

Keep it on topic. Keep it classroom oriented. This isn't the place to talk about personal plans or afterschool ideas.(

Include a common goal for collaborative activities
When using wiki's for education, having common goals and collaboartion is impoartant because it will help motivate students to work together on completing the classes goal/tasks/projects. (Kaylie Harbrecht)

Create a culture of trust within the wiki. As the great Barbara Schroeder taught, "You will need to help your students feel comfortable within the wiki, by creating a culture of trust among all participants." You can use the wiki to promote a team feeling within the group. Make sure that in doing this no child is hurt in this medium. (Greg Anderson)

Be clear on what you want. Having clear and detailed instructions help students find things out for themselves. This gives them to opportunity to learn on their own. Also give them time to ask questions just to make sure the instructions are enough for each student.

Tracking Changes, Security, and an Acceptable Use Policy
Though wikis provide a way to get 100% participation, as student's can't hide behind each other's work.It requires them to be engaged in the conversation.
In order to maintain educational standards, especially within a public school setting, an educational acceptable use policy is a must. Participants need to have the guidelines accessible at any time, and explicitly clear.
The administrator needs to be monitoring the changes that are taking place, to ensure that nobody's work is unfairly edited by another participant, so tracking changes needs to happen periodically.
Wikis with younger participants should consider making profile pictures avatars, and using pseudonyms instead of personal information. It is also essential to collaborate with parents of younger students, and notify them of the contents of the wiki, giving them full access to monitor their child's activities.
(Madisen Wardle)

Start with Structure, Focus, Appropriate Language

Wiki pages need to have a focus, a reason to exist. This is a place to leave little comments, or babble off with random thoughts. This isn't a personal page to post about hard times and lovers, its about "appealing to a niche" as Wikis oracle states. Second, Wiki pages need to have a structure, need to be organized. According to Wikis oracle, they are organized bottom up. Readers need to navigate easily around your site, and this can be done by including a content page. Finally, Wikis are meant for education, and therefore need to be professional. If your page comes across more opinionated and uneducated, you can bet it will be overpassed.
(Chad Taylor)

Don't take things personally and don't ignore questions.
When people edit your work do not take it personally, this is what makes collaboration work so well.
When your peers have questions about your contributions do not ignore them. Be sure to back what you write, make sure its concrete and you can explain it.

Do not edit pages for the fun of it.
Altering people's work just so you can add your name to it is inappropriate! Do not make pointless edits, there are several pages that need to be edited, try to find spelling and grammar errors that can be corrected.
(Alisa White)

Give the students good instructs on how to use the wiki

This way the students can use the wiki to help them instead of overwhelming them with the technology and obscurity of the wiki.

Make sure the students know your expectations regarding the wiki

That way they are less likely to "misbehave" via a misunderstanding of the rules and requirements of use of the wiki.

Remember the students are human and make an extra effort to remind them of upcoming activities or assignments repeatedly starting at least a few days before the assignment is due.
This will help the students complete the assignments on time and without feeling panicked about it the night before it is due.

Implementing a creative commons license with your work.

Make sure to site those works of others including their media and author. Without doing this you don't implement creative commons use and can infringe on multiple work of others and is considered copyright infringement. Which can lead to legal repercussions.

Any time that you utilize the wiki sites any information that you deem may be classified do not place on the internet. There have been numerous lives lost due to information that was leaked on wiki sites. The best moto is when in doubt, DON'T POST IT.


You need to be respectful of another's work and content, as well as making controversial edits or revisions to a wiki page or content. It is always important to respect others and their point of view and information that they have provided. The last point that I noticed and really like was that of asking for help. I feel like because anyone can log on and edit another wiki or content, then you should be accepting and willing to ask and accept help. (AMANDA MORGAN)

Provide clear course expectations
It's easy to get on something like a wiki and get distracted with the assignment. It's important to lay out exactly what is expected from them for any given course. They should also be given specific goals to achieve when using the wiki for class.
Model examples of collaborative activities
Not all students are familiar with collaboration. It's helpful when those students have some sort of model to go by when they begin to work together. I think it's also important that students know each of them has a part when collaborating, and they should know how their part fits in with all the others.
Be patient with students and realize they may require technical assistance as they learn how to participate in a wiki environment
It took me some time to learn how to use a wiki. Help is always good. Open a discussion board on the wiki where students can ask questions, or even give them access to your e-mail address to use when needed. "Remember, not all students are technologically savvy and may need some initial help with the wiki. However, once they get going and see how easy and quick a wiki is, they should start feeling more comfortable and eager to use the wiki for its powerful collaborative features."
(Hillary Jensen)

(Joe Limas)
Dr. Barbara Schroeder argues that student roles, activities and assessments should be defined clearly when using wikis in learning environments at her wiki site In doing so you allow a student to more readily participate in learning via a wiki format and helps establish expected interactive behavior between the learner, teacher and the wiki interactive environment. She also encourages the modeling of how the collaboration should take place which will give students a springboard for participation in the wiki site and in collaborative groups the wiki site might foster.